Besides the 1964 Civil Rights Act, Congress did introduce legislation to although put a band-aid on a death wound try to help. The Civil Rights Act of September 1957 was the first Act to pass Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
The purpose of the law was to show, partial, racial equality after the 1954 Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka decision. And the idea of desegregation, which angered Southerners. At the time only 20% of blacks had registered to vote, but the Act gave Blacks the right to vote. The 1957 decision for racial equality led to the longest filibuster, against the action, by Dixicreat Sen. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina for 24 hours and 18 minutes. After the passage of the law, violence against African-Americans grew exponentially.